November is Pet Diabetes Month

In the last 30 years, as many as 1 in every 500 pets have developed diabetes; more than 50 percent of all dogs and 60 percent of all cats are classified as overweight or obese.

Merck Animal Health, a global research company dedicated to creating the best in pet pharmaceuticals, is hoping their latest “A Healthy Pet = A Happy Family” campaign will help make pet owners more aware of one of the most prevalent diseases in pets today: diabetes mellitus. This November, Merck is urging pet owners to join them in recognizing Pet Diabetes Month by educating themselves about this serious condition.

“Pet owners should be aware of the possible warning signs of pet diabetes and see their veterinarians for a definitive diagnosis,” veterinarian Dr. Madeleine Stahl tells “Considering the fact that pet diabetes can be effectively managed, lack of owner awareness may be the biggest risk factor associated with this condition.”

Signs of the disease can be difficult to spot, and can even be mistaken as symptoms of other conditions, such as hypothyroidism or kidney disease. But as long as pet owners are educated and vigilant, early diagnosis is possible.

Dogs and cats with diabetes usually sleep more, and are more lethargic during the day. Dogs with diabetes can have cloudy eyes, while cats may have thinning hair and weak hind legs. Pets with canine or feline diabetes also exhibit three additional symptoms — polydipsia, or increased water intake; polyuria, or increased urination; and polyphagia, or increased appetite. Sudden weight loss can sometimes be a good indicator that a dog or cat may have diabetes. Animals exhibiting these signs should see a veterinarian immediately; failure to treat diabetes in pets can lead to some devastating and life-threatening health issues.

Risk factors for diabetes in dogs and cats include advanced age, genetic predisposition, breed, and obesity. That last factor — pet obesity — is on the rise here in the U.S., with over half of dogs and nearly 60 percent of cats falling in the overweight or obese category. As a result, the number of pets diagnosed with diabetes has skyrocketed in recent years. In the past 3 decades alone, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats ranges from between 1 in 1,001 pets to 1 in 500 pets. Almost three times as many dogs suffer from diabetes today than only three decades ago.

There is an important distinction to make between canine and feline diabetes. Dogs are usually diagnosed with Type I diabetes because there is a deficiency in the way the pancreas produces insulin. Cats, on the other hand, usually have Type II diabetes that results from a decreased sensitivity to insulin.

Only a licensed veterinarian can officially confirm a diabetes diagnosis in your dog or cat, but there is an online quiz pet owners can take to help determine if your pet could be at risk for diabetes mellitus. If you suspect your pet may have diabetes, make an appointment for a veterinary exam as soon as possible. Should the vet diagnose your pet with diabetes, don’t fret — Merck Animal Health provides a useful question checklist you can run through with your veterinarian to make sure you leave the office feeling well-informed and as confident as possible in your ability to help Fido or Fluffy manage his or her disease.

While there is no cure for pet diabetes, there are ways to successfully manage the disease. Cats diagnosed with feline diabetes typically have a normal life expectancy — as long as their owners help them maintain a proper diet, a healthy lifestyle, and check their blood glucose levels as directed by their veterinarian, cats with diabetes usually live just as long as cats without.

And while diabetic dogs once faced a much shorter life expectancy than their healthy counterparts, living on average only 2 to 5 years after their diabetes diagnosis, things are turning around for canines living with this disease. As long as the dog’s blood glucose concentration is closely managed by a responsible owner, and as long as that diabetic dog does not develop any other health complications, dogs with canine diabetes can often expect to live just as long as dogs without the condition.

If you would like to learn more about canine or feline diabetes, or to find out how you can spread the word about Pet Diabetes Month, visit today.