A close-up blue British Shorthair meowing.
(Photo Credit: Nils Jacobi | Getty Images)

British Shorthair

The British Shorthair cat, with its distinctive round face, dense coat, and large, expressive eyes, is a charming and iconic breed. Known for its easygoing and placid temperament, the British Shorthair is an adaptable companion that gets along well with children and other pets. Renowned for its plush, short coat in a variety of colors and patterns, this breed requires minimal grooming. With a history dating back to the early days of cat fancy in Britain, the British Shorthair has maintained its popularity due to its sweet nature, robust health, and striking appearance, making it a beloved choice for cat enthusiasts around the world.

This unique cat is a reserved and quiet companion with an undemanding personality. While it is not overly affectionate, it gets along well with everyone, including other pets. It is a mellow cat and will tolerate being held for cuddles, even if it does not seek them out itself. Unlike some high-strung and jumpy cats, British Shorthairs are calm and laid-back. If you are looking for a low-maintenance feline companion, the British Shorthair may be the perfect cat for you.

When considering a British Shorthair, it’s advisable to prioritize adopting from rescue organizations or shelters to provide a loving home to a cat in need. However, if you decide to purchase, it’s crucial to choose a reputable breeder. Conduct thorough research to ensure that the breeder follows ethical practices and prioritizes the well-being of their cats. Reputable British Shorthair breeders prioritize the health and temperament of their cats, conduct necessary health screenings, and provide a nurturing environment for the kitties. This active approach ensures that you bring home a healthy and happy kitty while discouraging unethical breeding practices.

Quick Facts

  • Origin: United Kingdom
  • Size: Medium to large
  • Breed Group: Short hair
  • Lifespan: 12-16 years
  • Coat: Short, dense, and plush
  • Temperament: Gentle, affectionate, and laid-back
  • Exercise Needs: Moderate
  • Training: Relatively easy to train
  • Grooming: Regular brushing to remove loose hair and dead skin cells.
  • Health: Generally healthy, but can be prone to certain genetic health conditions, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and polycystic kidney disease.
  • Arguably the most famous British Shorthair cat is the Cheshire Cat from “Alice in Wonderland.” They are famous for that enigmatic and mischievous smile.

British Shorthair Pictures

British Shorthair History

You may not realize it, but you probably grew up with the British Shorthair. He is the clever feline of Puss in Boots and the grinning Cheshire Cat of Alice in Wonderland. The British Shorthair is native to England. With the rise of cat shows during the Victorian era, cat fanciers began to breed the cats to a particular standard and keep pedigrees for them.

At the earliest cat shows, British Shorthairs were the only pedigreed cats exhibited. All others were simply described by coat type or color. Two world wars devastated the breed, and few British Shorthairs remained after World War II. With the help of other breeds, the Shorthairs, as they are called in Britain, were revitalized. The American Cat Association recognized the British Shorthair in 1967, but the Cat Fanciers Association did not accept it until 1980. Now, all cat associations recognize the breed.

British Shorthair Size

Males weight 12 to 20 pounds, females 8 to 14 pounds.

British Shorthair Personality

The British Shorthair is mellow and easygoing, making him an excellent family companion. He enjoys affection, but he’s not a “me, me, me” type of cat. Expect him to follow you around the house during the day, settling nearby wherever you stop.

Full of British reserve, the Shorthair has a quiet voice and is an undemanding companion. He doesn’t require a lap, although he loves to sit next to you. Being a big cat, he isn’t fond of being carried around.

This is a cat with a moderate activity level. He’s energetic during kittenhood, but usually starts to settle down by the time he is a year old. More mature British Shorthairs are usually couch potatoes, but adult males occasionally behave like goofballs. When they run through the house, they can sound like a herd of elephants. British Shorthairs are rarely destructive; their manners are those of a proper governess, not a soccer hooligan. They welcome guests confidently.

British Shorthair Health

Both pedigreed cats and mixed-breed cats have varying incidences of health problems that may be genetic in nature. Problems that have been seen in the Shorthair are:

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis in cats is a common dental issue involving inflammation of the gums. It is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film composed of bacteria, saliva, and food particles that forms on the teeth. When not removed through regular brushing or dental care, plaque can mineralize into tartar (also called calculus), leading to irritation of the gums and subsequent gingivitis.
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common heart condition in cats that affects the structure of the heart muscle. It involves the thickening (hypertrophy) of the heart’s muscular wall, specifically the left ventricle. This thickening can lead to various complications, including impaired heart function and potential heart failure.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited condition in cats characterized by the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys. These cysts gradually replace normal kidney tissue, leading to a decline in kidney function over time. PKD is most commonly seen in Persian cats but can also affect other breeds and mixed-breed cats.

British Shorthair Care

The British Shorthair’s short, smooth coat is simple to groom with weekly brushing or combing to remove dead hairs. A bath is rarely necessary. Brush the teeth to prevent periodontal disease. Daily dental hygiene is best, but weekly brushing is better than nothing.

Trim the nails weekly. Wipe the corners of the eyes with a soft, damp cloth to remove any discharge. Use a separate area of the cloth for each eye so you don’t run the risk of spreading any infection. Check the ears weekly. If they look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball or soft damp cloth moistened with a 50-50 mixture of cider vinegar and warm water. Avoid using cotton swabs, which can damage the interior of the ear.

Keep the litter box spotlessly clean. Cats are very particular about bathroom hygiene. It’s a good idea to keep a British Shorthair as an indoor-only cat to protect him from diseases spread by other cats, attacks by dogs or coyotes, and the other dangers that face cats who go outdoors, such as being hit by a car. British Shorthairs who go outdoors also run the risk of being stolen by someone who would like to have such a beautiful cat without paying for it.

British Shorthair Coat Color And Grooming

With his short, thick coat, round head and cheeks, big round eyes, and rounded body, the British Shorthair resembles nothing so much as a cuddly teddy bear. His body is compact but powerful with a broad chest, strong legs with rounded paws and a thick tail with a rounded tip.

The coat comes in just about any color or pattern you could wish for, including lilac, chocolate, black, white, pointed, tabby and many more. The best known color is blue (gray) and the cats are sometimes referred to as British Blues. The shorthair does not reach full physical maturity until he is 3 to 5 years old.

Children And Other Pets

This mild-mannered cat is well suited to life with families with children and cat-friendly dogs. He loves the attention he receives from children who treat him politely and with respect and is forgiving of clumsy toddlers.

Supervise young children and show them how to pet the cat nicely. Instead of holding or carrying the cat, have them sit on the floor and pet him. Other cats will not disturb his equilibrium. For best results, always introduce any pets, even other cats, slowly and in a controlled setting.

If you’re also looking for a dog, check out DogTime’s dog breed page!

Life Span
12 to 17 years
22 to 25 inches, not including tail
7 to 17 pounds
Country Of Origin
Great Britain
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